Thursday, October 9, 2008

Vaduz, LiechtensteinVaduz, Liechtenstein

The Vaduz Castle is one of the most impressive castles you can ever come across during your Switzerland tour. It is situated in Liechtenstein that lies to the east of the Rhine, in the mountains between Switzerland and Austria. It is one of the smaller states of Europe and derives its name from Hugo of Liechtenstein who is the first known ancestor of Prince Hans. He was first mentioned in 1133 in connection with Liechtenstein Castle situated about 30 km south of Vienna.

Around 1608, his descendant named Karl I became a prince of the Holy Roman Empire and thus the family acquired the counties of Schellenberg in northern Liechtenstein and Vaduz in the center. The lords united in 1719 to form the modern Principality.

The private residence of the Princes of Liechtenstein is situated above the Liechtenstein capital of Vaduz. Its construction began somewhere in the 12th century and was one of the grandest palaces ever beheld. However, the Vaduz residence in Liechtenstein was badly damaged by the Confederate in 1499 AD.

In the years to follow, a number of modifications were made to the structure to bring back its old glory. For instance, the massive round bastions that decorate the Vaduz Castle in Liechtenstein were added in the 16th century. However, the period from 1901 - 1910 saw some elaborate modifications being made to the place. The Vaduz Castle in Liechtenstein is indeed a marvel in itself. Unfortunately, it is not open for public viewing.

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